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Soil pollution, water pollution, killing and choking sea animals…sounds horrible? Well, this is exactly what we’ve been doing by improperly disposing of our garbage. Simply littering the ground with wrappers, dumping plastic in the ocean and countless other things pose a simple question. Do we really know how to dispose of garbage? And are we truly aware of the impact that our irresponsible actions have?
On a daily basis, families produce quite a bit of garbage made of different materials. These can be glass, paper, wet waste, cardboard, a heck of a lot of plastic, and food scraps. Since each type of garbage disposes of at a different rate, it’s imperative to use proper disposal methods. And by using proper methods, you can reduce the impact of your garbage on the environment.
Step 1: Separation
Separate your garbage into different bins. This can be done easily by throwing them away in these bins from start. Usually, there are three different bins for disposal: green, blue, and black. Sort the glass, plastic, and paper separately. You can also set up a multi-storage bin in the kitchen for the same.
Step 2: Re-sell the Reusables
Don’t throw away things that someone else can reuse. Instead of throwing in garbage, bring things like old furniture, toys, clothing, etc to a secondhand store.
Step 3: Recycle
Take the things which you can recycle to a local recycling center. The most common of them include glass, paper, and plastics.
While you can reuse the glass after cleaning, but sometimes it’s not possible to reuse. So, the best thing is to do is to take it to your local bottle depot for safe recycling. Be careful not to cut yourself on any of the glass, and take care not to drop any glass!
Plastic is non-biodegradable so it’s best to recycle them, so they don’t stink up and fill even more landfills. However, there are only certain plastics accepted by depots. The accepted plastics are,
- Polyethylene terephthalate (PETE or PET) – Juice containers and bottles
- High-density polyethylene (HDPE)- opaque plastics
- Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) – bread wrappers, bags
- Polypropylene (PP)- food containers
Usually, PVC’s (pipes and inflatable mattresses) are not accepted by recycling depots.
Step 4: Natural Compost
Using food waste and other kitchen scraps as compost is a perfect way to dispose them. Keep a separate box for compost outside your home, and fill it with dry twigs or straw a few inches deep. Place compost in layers, alternating between wet and dry. Keep the compost moist, and most importantly, covered. These two factors are essential for successful composting.
Turn the compost over with a shovel, and mix it up. This keeps it aerated adding oxygen, which in turn speeds up the process. Alternatively, you can also use compost bins filled with worms that feed on trash and do the work for you much faster. Once done, this compost works as a great nutrient-rich fertilizer for your garden.
Step 5: Dump the rest
If any garbage is remaining, collect it into a trash bag and dump as usual in the garbage bins outside. Make sure to close the lids properly to avoid the emission of weird smells and prevent any stray animals from wandering into your trash. Garbage collectors will take care of the rest.
Follow these steps for disposing of your garbage to do your bit in order to reduce pollution and buildup in landfills!